Speeches designed to convey knowledge and understanding.

Speeches designed to either move the audience toward your opinion on a specific subject or reinforce existing opinions.

Generating ideas for speech topics through free association of words and ideas.

Pronouncing words clearly.

Societal sharing of ideas through conversation; an important reason to develop speaking skills.

Plagiarism involved when a speaker steals a speech in its entirety, claiming it as his or her own.

Generating ideas for speech topics by making lists of items from areas of interest in a speaker’s life.

Presenting for only a few people, for example at a business meeting or before a church group.

Plagiarism involved when the speaker has plagiarized from more than one source, puts the material together as if it is unique, and attempts to credit it as her or his own.

Gathering information about audience characteristics in preparation for a speech.

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