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References, appendices and obligations

Chapter 7, Page 146


  • Include all references cited in the text; you should follow whichever format is prescribed by your department.
  • Nowadays, the format is usually a variation of the Harvard method, such as the one employed for this text.
  • Your own institution will almost certainly have pages devoted to how to reference your work (usually as part of the library site), failing that a simple web search on Harvard referencing or Harvard citation will produce a plethora of help pages.
  • There is a growing practice in academia that, when referring to websites, you should include the date you accessed them.
  • Since websites often disappear and frequently change, if subsequent researchers want to follow up your findings, or check on them, they may find that they are no longer there or have changed. This does mean, however, that you will have to keep a running record of the dates you consulted the websites to which you refer.


  • In your appendices you might include such things as your questionnaire, coding frame, or observation schedule, letters sent to sample members and letters to and from gatekeepers where the cooperation of an organization was required


  • Remember to fulfil any obligations you entered into, such as supplying a copy of, or report on, your dissertation if your access was predicated on providing one and maintaining the confidentiality of information supplied and the anonymity of your informants and other research participants